拖拉缩放效果,js实现砖头在页面拖拉效果

用js完成多少个砖头在页面,但鼠标点击拖动时,砖头在页面上产生拖拉效果:

正文实例陈诉了JavaScript达成选拔框按百分比拖拉缩放的办法。分享给大家供我们参照他事他说加以考查。具体如下:

此间的拖拉缩放比一般的选框复杂一点,能安装三个方面(方向)的一贯触发点,能安装最小范围,最大规模和比例缩放。
跟拖放效果同样,程序的原型也是在做图片切割效果的时候做出来的。但以此职能的参考少的多,基本上靠自个儿搜索,走了成都百货上千弯路,今后到底把自身想要的功效做出来了,程序跟上三个版本相比也早就“面目全非”,还是感觉有好些个亟待改进的地点,就好像永久未有最完美的土耳其共和国(The Republic of Turkey)地毯。
此地也会有二个简化版的SimpleResize,方便学习。
在线测验
包装下载地址
ps:实例中包涵了拖放效果,可是四个成效是完全部独用立的,删掉拖放的一部分也能健康缩放。

刚开首时:

这边经过javascript完成能够像PS一样拉出一个抉择框的效应。里面包车型客车多数方法都是大家值得学习的。

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  • JQuery Dialog(JS
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  • js达成砖头在页面拖拉效果

图片 1

运转效果如下图所示:

鼠标点击拖动后:

图片 2

图片 3

切切实实代码如下:

达成代码:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312" />
<title>JavaScript拖拉缩放效果</title>
</head>
<body>
<script>
var isIE = (document.all) ? true : false;
var $ = function (id) {
  return "string" == typeof id ? document.getElementById(id) : id;
};
var Class = {
  create: function() {
    return function() { this.initialize.apply(this, arguments); }
  }
}
var Extend = function(destination, source) {
  for (var property in source) {
    destination[property] = source[property];
  }
}
var Bind = function(object, fun) {
  return function() {
    return fun.apply(object, arguments);
  }
}
var BindAsEventListener = function(object, fun) {
  var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments).slice(2);
  return function(event) {
    return fun.apply(object, [event || window.event].concat(args));
  }
}
var CurrentStyle = function(element){
  return element.currentStyle || document.defaultView.getComputedStyle(element, null);
}
function addEventHandler(oTarget, sEventType, fnHandler) {
  if (oTarget.addEventListener) {
    oTarget.addEventListener(sEventType, fnHandler, false);
  } else if (oTarget.attachEvent) {
    oTarget.attachEvent("on" + sEventType, fnHandler);
  } else {
    oTarget["on" + sEventType] = fnHandler;
  }
};
function removeEventHandler(oTarget, sEventType, fnHandler) {
 if (oTarget.removeEventListener) {
  oTarget.removeEventListener(sEventType, fnHandler, false);
 } else if (oTarget.detachEvent) {
  oTarget.detachEvent("on" + sEventType, fnHandler);
 } else { 
  oTarget["on" + sEventType] = null;
 }
};
//缩放程序
var Resize = Class.create();
Resize.prototype = {
//缩放对象
initialize: function(obj, options) {
  this._obj = $(obj);//缩放对象  
  this._styleWidth = this._styleHeight = this._styleLeft = this._styleTop = 0;//样式参数
  this._sideRight = this._sideDown = this._sideLeft = this._sideUp = 0;//坐标参数
  this._fixLeft = this._fixTop = 0;//定位参数
  this._scaleLeft = this._scaleTop = 0;//定位坐标
  this._mxSet = function(){};//范围设置程序
  this._mxRightWidth = this._mxDownHeight = this._mxUpHeight = this._mxLeftWidth = 0;//范围参数
  this._mxScaleWidth = this._mxScaleHeight = 0;//比例范围参数
  this._fun = function(){};//缩放执行程序
  //获取边框宽度
  var _style = CurrentStyle(this._obj);
  this._borderX = (parseInt(_style.borderLeftWidth) || 0) + (parseInt(_style.borderRightWidth) || 0);
  this._borderY = (parseInt(_style.borderTopWidth) || 0) + (parseInt(_style.borderBottomWidth) || 0);
  //事件对象(用于绑定移除事件)
  this._fR = BindAsEventListener(this, this.Resize);
  this._fS = Bind(this, this.Stop);
  this.SetOptions(options);
  //范围限制
  this.Max = !!this.options.Max;
  this._mxContainer = $(this.options.mxContainer) || null;
  this.mxLeft = Math.round(this.options.mxLeft);
  this.mxRight = Math.round(this.options.mxRight);
  this.mxTop = Math.round(this.options.mxTop);
  this.mxBottom = Math.round(this.options.mxBottom);
  //宽高限制
  this.Min = !!this.options.Min;
  this.minWidth = Math.round(this.options.minWidth);
  this.minHeight = Math.round(this.options.minHeight);
  //按比例缩放
  this.Scale = !!this.options.Scale;
  this.Ratio = Math.max(this.options.Ratio, 0);
  this.onResize = this.options.onResize;
  this._obj.style.position = "absolute";
  !this._mxContainer || CurrentStyle(this._mxContainer).position == "relative" || (this._mxContainer.style.position = "relative");
 },
 //设置默认属性
 SetOptions: function(options) {
 this.options = {//默认值
    Max:    false,//是否设置范围限制(为true时下面mx参数有用)
    mxContainer:"",//指定限制在容器内
    mxLeft:    0,//左边限制
    mxRight:  9999,//右边限制
    mxTop:    0,//上边限制
    mxBottom:  9999,//下边限制
    Min:    false,//是否最小宽高限制(为true时下面min参数有用)
    minWidth:  50,//最小宽度
    minHeight:  50,//最小高度
    Scale:    false,//是否按比例缩放
    Ratio:    0,//缩放比例(宽/高)
    onResize:  function(){}//缩放时执行
 };
 Extend(this.options, options || {});
 },
 //设置触发对象
 Set: function(resize, side) {
  var resize = $(resize), fun;
  if(!resize) return;
  //根据方向设置
  switch (side.toLowerCase()) {
  case "up" :
    fun = this.Up;
    break;
  case "down" :
    fun = this.Down;
    break;
  case "left" :
    fun = this.Left;
    break;
  case "right" :
    fun = this.Right;
    break;
  case "left-up" :
    fun = this.LeftUp;
    break;
  case "right-up" :
    fun = this.RightUp;
    break;
  case "left-down" :
    fun = this.LeftDown;
    break;
  case "right-down" :
  default :
    fun = this.RightDown;
  };
  //设置触发对象
  addEventHandler(resize, "mousedown", BindAsEventListener(this, this.Start, fun));
 },
 //准备缩放
 Start: function(e, fun, touch) {  
  //防止冒泡(跟拖放配合时设置)
  e.stopPropagation ? e.stopPropagation() : (e.cancelBubble = true);
  //设置执行程序
  this._fun = fun;
  //样式参数值
  this._styleWidth = this._obj.clientWidth;
  this._styleHeight = this._obj.clientHeight;
  this._styleLeft = this._obj.offsetLeft;
  this._styleTop = this._obj.offsetTop;
  //四条边定位坐标
  this._sideLeft = e.clientX - this._styleWidth;
  this._sideRight = e.clientX + this._styleWidth;
  this._sideUp = e.clientY - this._styleHeight;
  this._sideDown = e.clientY + this._styleHeight;
  //top和left定位参数
  this._fixLeft = this._styleLeft + this._styleWidth;
  this._fixTop = this._styleTop + this._styleHeight;
  //缩放比例
  if(this.Scale){
    //设置比例
    this.Ratio = Math.max(this.Ratio, 0) || this._styleWidth / this._styleHeight;
    //left和top的定位坐标
    this._scaleLeft = this._styleLeft + this._styleWidth / 2;
    this._scaleTop = this._styleTop + this._styleHeight / 2;
  };
  //范围限制
  if(this.Max){
    //设置范围参数
    var mxLeft = this.mxLeft, mxRight = this.mxRight, mxTop = this.mxTop, mxBottom = this.mxBottom;
    //如果设置了容器,再修正范围参数
    if(!!this._mxContainer){
      mxLeft = Math.max(mxLeft, 0);
      mxTop = Math.max(mxTop, 0);
      mxRight = Math.min(mxRight, this._mxContainer.clientWidth);
      mxBottom = Math.min(mxBottom, this._mxContainer.clientHeight);
    };
    //根据最小值再修正
    mxRight = Math.max(mxRight, mxLeft + (this.Min ? this.minWidth : 0) + this._borderX);
    mxBottom = Math.max(mxBottom, mxTop + (this.Min ? this.minHeight : 0) + this._borderY);
    //由于转向时要重新设置所以写成function形式
    this._mxSet = function(){
      this._mxRightWidth = mxRight - this._styleLeft - this._borderX;
      this._mxDownHeight = mxBottom - this._styleTop - this._borderY;
      this._mxUpHeight = Math.max(this._fixTop - mxTop, this.Min ? this.minHeight : 0);
      this._mxLeftWidth = Math.max(this._fixLeft - mxLeft, this.Min ? this.minWidth : 0);
    };
    this._mxSet();
    //有缩放比例下的范围限制
    if(this.Scale){
      this._mxScaleWidth = Math.min(this._scaleLeft - mxLeft, mxRight - this._scaleLeft - this._borderX) * 2;
      this._mxScaleHeight = Math.min(this._scaleTop - mxTop, mxBottom - this._scaleTop - this._borderY) * 2;
    };
  };
  //mousemove时缩放 mouseup时停止
  addEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fR);
  addEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
  if(isIE){
    addEventHandler(this._obj, "losecapture", this._fS);
    this._obj.setCapture();
  }else{
    addEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
    e.preventDefault();
  };
 },
 //缩放
 Resize: function(e) {
  //清除选择
  window.getSelection ? window.getSelection().removeAllRanges() : document.selection.empty();
  //执行缩放程序
  this._fun(e);
  //设置样式,变量必须大于等于0否则ie出错
  with(this._obj.style){
    width = this._styleWidth + "px"; height = this._styleHeight + "px";
    top = this._styleTop + "px"; left = this._styleLeft + "px";
  }
  //附加程序
  this.onResize();
 },
 //缩放程序
 //上
 Up: function(e) {
  this.RepairY(this._sideDown - e.clientY, this._mxUpHeight);
  this.RepairTop();
  this.TurnDown(this.Down);
 },
 //下
 Down: function(e) {
  this.RepairY(e.clientY - this._sideUp, this._mxDownHeight);
  this.TurnUp(this.Up);
 },
 //右
 Right: function(e) {
  this.RepairX(e.clientX - this._sideLeft, this._mxRightWidth);
  this.TurnLeft(this.Left);
 },
 //左
 Left: function(e) {
  this.RepairX(this._sideRight - e.clientX, this._mxLeftWidth);
  this.RepairLeft();
  this.TurnRight(this.Right);
 },
 //右下
 RightDown: function(e) {
  this.RepairAngle(
    e.clientX - this._sideLeft, this._mxRightWidth,
    e.clientY - this._sideUp, this._mxDownHeight
  );
  this.TurnLeft(this.LeftDown) || this.Scale || this.TurnUp(this.RightUp);
 },
 //右上
 RightUp: function(e) {
  this.RepairAngle(
    e.clientX - this._sideLeft, this._mxRightWidth,
    this._sideDown - e.clientY, this._mxUpHeight
  );
  this.RepairTop();
  this.TurnLeft(this.LeftUp) || this.Scale || this.TurnDown(this.RightDown);
 },
 //左下
 LeftDown: function(e) {
  this.RepairAngle(
    this._sideRight - e.clientX, this._mxLeftWidth,
    e.clientY - this._sideUp, this._mxDownHeight
  );
  this.RepairLeft();
  this.TurnRight(this.RightDown) || this.Scale || this.TurnUp(this.LeftUp);
 },
 //左上
 LeftUp: function(e) {
  this.RepairAngle(
    this._sideRight - e.clientX, this._mxLeftWidth,
    this._sideDown - e.clientY, this._mxUpHeight
  );
  this.RepairTop(); this.RepairLeft();
  this.TurnRight(this.RightUp) || this.Scale || this.TurnDown(this.LeftDown);
 },
 //水平方向
 RepairX: function(iWidth, mxWidth) {
  iWidth = this.RepairWidth(iWidth, mxWidth);
  if(this.Scale){
    var iHeight = this.RepairScaleHeight(iWidth);
    if(this.Max && iHeight > this._mxScaleHeight){
      iHeight = this._mxScaleHeight;
      iWidth = this.RepairScaleWidth(iHeight);
    }else if(this.Min && iHeight < this.minHeight){
      var tWidth = this.RepairScaleWidth(this.minHeight);
      if(tWidth < mxWidth){ iHeight = this.minHeight; iWidth = tWidth; }
    }
    this._styleHeight = iHeight;
    this._styleTop = this._scaleTop - iHeight / 2;
  }
  this._styleWidth = iWidth;
 },
 //垂直方向
 RepairY: function(iHeight, mxHeight) {
  iHeight = this.RepairHeight(iHeight, mxHeight);
  if(this.Scale){
    var iWidth = this.RepairScaleWidth(iHeight);
    if(this.Max && iWidth > this._mxScaleWidth){
      iWidth = this._mxScaleWidth;
      iHeight = this.RepairScaleHeight(iWidth);
    }else if(this.Min && iWidth < this.minWidth){
      var tHeight = this.RepairScaleHeight(this.minWidth);
      if(tHeight < mxHeight){ iWidth = this.minWidth; iHeight = tHeight; }
    }
    this._styleWidth = iWidth;
    this._styleLeft = this._scaleLeft - iWidth / 2;
  }
  this._styleHeight = iHeight;
 },
 //对角方向
 RepairAngle: function(iWidth, mxWidth, iHeight, mxHeight) {
  iWidth = this.RepairWidth(iWidth, mxWidth);  
  if(this.Scale){
    iHeight = this.RepairScaleHeight(iWidth);
    if(this.Max && iHeight > mxHeight){
      iHeight = mxHeight;
      iWidth = this.RepairScaleWidth(iHeight);
    }else if(this.Min && iHeight < this.minHeight){
      var tWidth = this.RepairScaleWidth(this.minHeight);
      if(tWidth < mxWidth){ iHeight = this.minHeight; iWidth = tWidth; }
    }
  }else{
    iHeight = this.RepairHeight(iHeight, mxHeight);
  }
  this._styleWidth = iWidth;
  this._styleHeight = iHeight;
 },
 //top
 RepairTop: function() {
  this._styleTop = this._fixTop - this._styleHeight;
 },
 //left
 RepairLeft: function() {
  this._styleLeft = this._fixLeft - this._styleWidth;
 },
 //height
 RepairHeight: function(iHeight, mxHeight) {
  iHeight = Math.min(this.Max ? mxHeight : iHeight, iHeight);
  iHeight = Math.max(this.Min ? this.minHeight : iHeight, iHeight, 0);
  return iHeight;
 },
 //width
 RepairWidth: function(iWidth, mxWidth) {
  iWidth = Math.min(this.Max ? mxWidth : iWidth, iWidth);
  iWidth = Math.max(this.Min ? this.minWidth : iWidth, iWidth, 0);
  return iWidth;
 },
 //比例高度
 RepairScaleHeight: function(iWidth) {
  return Math.max(Math.round((iWidth + this._borderX) / this.Ratio - this._borderY), 0);
 },
 //比例宽度
 RepairScaleWidth: function(iHeight) {
  return Math.max(Math.round((iHeight + this._borderY) * this.Ratio - this._borderX), 0);
 },
 //转向程序
 //转右
 TurnRight: function(fun) {
  if(!(this.Min || this._styleWidth)){
    this._fun = fun;
    this._sideLeft = this._sideRight;
    this.Max && this._mxSet();
    return true;
  }
 },
 //转左
 TurnLeft: function(fun) {
  if(!(this.Min || this._styleWidth)){
    this._fun = fun;
    this._sideRight = this._sideLeft;
    this._fixLeft = this._styleLeft;
    this.Max && this._mxSet();
    return true;
  }
 },
 //转上
 TurnUp: function(fun) {
  if(!(this.Min || this._styleHeight)){
    this._fun = fun;
    this._sideDown = this._sideUp;
    this._fixTop = this._styleTop;
    this.Max && this._mxSet();
    return true;
  }
 },
 //转下
 TurnDown: function(fun) {
  if(!(this.Min || this._styleHeight)){
    this._fun = fun;
    this._sideUp = this._sideDown;
    this.Max && this._mxSet();
    return true;
  }
 },
 //停止缩放
 Stop: function() {
  removeEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fR);
  removeEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
  if(isIE){
    removeEventHandler(this._obj, "losecapture", this._fS);
    this._obj.releaseCapture();
  }else{
    removeEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
  }
 }
};
</script>
<style type="text/css">
#rRightDown,#rLeftDown,#rLeftUp,#rRightUp,#rRight,#rLeft,#rUp,#rDown{
  position:absolute;
  background:#C00;
  width:7px;
  height:7px;
  z-index:5;
  font-size:0;
}
#rLeftDown,#rRightUp{cursor:ne-resize;}
#rRightDown,#rLeftUp{cursor:nw-resize;}
#rRight,#rLeft{cursor:e-resize;}
#rUp,#rDown{cursor:n-resize;}
#rLeftDown{left:-4px;bottom:-4px;}
#rRightUp{right:-4px;top:-4px;}
#rRightDown{right:-4px;bottom:-4px;background-color:#00F;}
#rLeftUp{left:-4px;top:-4px;}
#rRight{right:-4px;top:50%;margin-top:-4px;}
#rLeft{left:-4px;top:50%;margin-top:-4px;}
#rUp{top:-4px;left:50%;margin-left:-4px;}
#rDown{bottom:-4px;left:50%;margin-left:-4px;}
#bgDiv{width:600px; height:300px; border:10px solid #666666; position:relative;}
#dragDiv{border:1px solid #000000; width:100px; height:60px; top:50px; left:50px; background:#fff;}
</style>
<div id="bgDiv">
 <div id="dragDiv">
 <div id="rRightDown"> </div>
 <div id="rLeftDown"> </div>
 <div id="rRightUp"> </div>
 <div id="rLeftUp"> </div>
 <div id="rRight"> </div>
 <div id="rLeft"> </div>
 <div id="rUp"> </div>
 <div id="rDown"></div>
 </div>
</div>
<input id="idScale" type="button" value="设置比例" />
<input id="idMin" type="button" value="设置最小范围" />
<script>
var rs = new Resize("dragDiv", { Max: true, mxContainer: "bgDiv" });
rs.Set("rRightDown", "right-down");
rs.Set("rLeftDown", "left-down");
rs.Set("rRightUp", "right-up");
rs.Set("rLeftUp", "left-up");
rs.Set("rRight", "right");
rs.Set("rLeft", "left");
rs.Set("rUp", "up");
rs.Set("rDown", "down");
$("idScale").onclick = function(){
  if(rs.Scale){
    this.value = "设置比例";
    rs.Scale = false;
  }else{
    this.value = "取消比例";
    rs.Ratio = 0;
    rs.Scale = true;
  }
}
$("idMin").onclick = function(){
  if(rs.Min){
    this.value = "设置最小范围";
    rs.Min = false;
  }else{
    this.value = "取消最小范围";
    rs.Min = true;
  }
}
</script>
</body>
</html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <style type="text/css">
   *{
     margin:0px;
     padding:0px;
    }
  #zhuantou{
    width:120px;
    height:60px;
    background-image:url(1.jpg);
    position:fixed;
    left:100px;
     top:50px;
   }
   </style>
 <body>
   <div id="zhuantou">
   </div>
    <script>
    var zt=document.querySelector("#zhuantou");
    var isPressed=false;
    var offsetX=0;
    var offsetY=0;
    zt.onmousedown=function(event){
         isPressed=true;
         this.style.cursor="move";
         offsetX=event.offsetX;
        offsetY=event.offsetY;
    };
    zt.onmouseup=function(){
       isPressed=false;
       this.style.cursor="default";
    };
    zt.onmousemove=function(event){
      if(!isPressed){
          return;
       }
      zt.style.left=(event.clientX-offsetX)+"px";
     zt.style.top=(event.clientY-offsetX)+"px";
    };
 </script>
 </body>
</html>

意在本文所述对大家的javascript程序设计具备援助。

以上正是本文的全体内容,希望对大家的上学抱有补助,也期望大家多多帮助脚本之家。

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